When it comes to protecting plantation seedlings from pests, the same principles can also be used in the home gardeners allotment or patch. Controlling pests is vital to ensure that forests recover after logging, or other abuse. Without sufficient pest control, both time and money will literally be thrown away.
So, here are 4 suggestions that assist with seedling protection:
1. Choose The Right Stock
Use of types with genetic resistance to pests and diseases is one of the best ways that have proven success to prevent pest problems. The initial step involves proper selection, which means that when you buy seeds, or transplants take a look at the seed packets and transplant labels for claims about disease and pest resistance. Contrary to what you may think, disease and pest resistance are in most cases, not the results of gene-splicing, but of plant breeding methods that have been honed, improved, and practiced for many years. So, here are 4 suggestions that assist with seedling protection:
2. Floating Row Covers
But, what happens if you have tried, and used the preventative tactics mentioned above and you continue to have insect pest problems?
4. Pesticides - The Last Resort
If, after using the methods described above, the problem continues, the answer may be the use of organic pesticides.
What exactly, though, are these? Well, it is good to keep in mind that these are not like the traditional insecticides that you possibly are already familiar with. These have superior benefits to those artificially produced ones. For instance, they are less toxic to your health, they are far quicker to break down in the environment than standard pesiticides, they offer some degree of protection to native animals by only killing insects when they are very small(larvae, or worm-like creatures, instead of adults.) In addition, most of those compounds are only effective for same day, or at most a couple of days are you apply them, after which they're destroyed by sunlight, rain, or simply exposure to the air.
An exhaustive discussion of organically approved pest controls is beyond the scope of this blog post. However, three of the foremost commonly used compounds are azadirachtin, which springs from the seeds of an Indian tree called Neem, pyrethrin, which comes from chrysanthemums (a flower) and Bt toxin, which springs from a soil-dwelling bacterium called Bacillus thuringiensis. Azadirachtin is marketed in compounds with names like Neemix, Green Light Neem, and Agroneem. Pyrethrin is marketed under various names, of which Pyganic is one amongst the foremost widely sold. Bt toxin is marketed under many various names – once you exit, confirm to induce a spread that's speculated to be effective for the sort of pests you have got (some varieties affect Colorado potato beetles, for instance, while others do not). Azadirachtin and Bt toxin don't seem to be harmful to people in any respect, but pyrethrins definitely is – all should be used with care. All three compounds work by poisoning insects. There are other insecticidal (insect-killing) compounds that are supported oils and soaps, but these compounds work (at least in some cases) by covering the holes through which insects breathe, which chokes them.
See resources for more information for directions to more information about pest control (Peaceful Valley Farm Supply is one business specifically whose site and catalog provide many products for organic pest control along with information about how and when to use them). In general, before you launch an elaborate program to pander to any reasonably pest or disease, you must sit down with an experienced gardener and/or an area agricultural extensionist (again, see resources for more information) to form sure that you just have both identified your pest or disease accurately and are available up with treatment methods that are safe, organic, and potentially useful.